Scientific classification: Fennel belongs to the family
Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae). It is classified as Foeniculum vulgare. The
common fennel is classified as Foeniculum vulgare variety azoricum, and the
Florence fennel as Foeniculum vulgare variety dulce.
Fennel, common name for a perennial plant characterized chiefly by its
aromatic leaves and seeds. Fennel grows from about 61 to 122 cm (about 24 to 48
in) in height and has small yellow flowers. The common fennel is cultivated in
both Europe and America which includes Mexico. Its leaves and seeds are used for
flavoring. Another variety, called variously Florence fennel, sweet fennel,
Italian fennel, or Cretan fennel, is cultivated in southern Europe. The bases of
the leafstalks of Florence fennel are greatly enlarged and form a bulbous
structure, which is bleached by earthing and then eaten raw or cooked. The seed
of Florence fennel is used widely in Italy as an aromatic condiment and as a
This presentation is not a guide to the identification of plants or their use
as a substitute for standard medical treatments.
Many plants with medicinal properties are also toxic and frequently
if taken at incorrect dosages or if not prepared in a specific fashion.
We do not advocate the consumption of reputed medicinal plant products
without prior consultation with your physician or other natural plant products professional.
Consult Your Physician Before Using a Herbal Remedy!