Groundfig Spurge - Golondrina
(Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia prostrata)
Aiton (E. chamaesyce L.)
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Description- A prostrate annual often forming mats, or sometimes partially erect where competing for light, reproducing only by seeds.
The pinkish to bright red stems have short, spreading, or curved hairs. The opposite leaves, green or purplish green, are hairless above and thinly hairy beneath, 1/8 to 1/3 inch long, with smooth or finely toothed margins. The 2 scalelike stipules, usually present at the base of the leaf stalks, are lacking or very small and inconspicuous in most species of spurge.
The tiny pinkish flowers, consisting of stamens and pistils only, are grouped into small flower like clusters. The 3-lobed seedpods are 1/16 inch or less long, hairy only on the 3 angles, the hairs short and usually stiffly spreading or lying close to the surface on some plants. The oblong seeds, about 1/25 inch long, are sharply 4-angled, and have 6 to 8 sharp cross wrinkles on each face.
Distribution- Naturalized from Tropical America, groundfig spurge is one of the worst pests in summer lawns throughout southern Arizona and Texas. Also common along paths, roadsides, cracks in sidewalks, streets, gardens, and flower beds; 100 to 5,500 feet elevation; flowering June to November.
Golondrina - Groundfig Spurge Link
Golondrina Properties Used by Aztecs
Aztec Method of Use
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