Plum - Prune - Ciruela - Ciruelo
By definition, a prune is a dried plum. All prunes are plums, but not all plums are prunes. Prunes can be dried without fermenting while still containing the pits. This is not true of other varieties of plums. It should be noted that when we plant an orchard, we plant a prune orchard.
Description: Prunus is the botanical name for a large group of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs. These popular plants are greatly valued for their delicious, edible fruits, gorgeous spring blossoms and some, for their colorful foliage; some varieties are grown for decoration alone, since all do not produce edible fruits. Numerous varieties have been developed from the wild forms; some were bred for maximum fruit production and better quality fruit while others were bred for larger and more abundant blossoms; some varieties can survive in different climates than others can. They are among the most beautiful trees and shrubs. Included in this group are the Almond, Apricot, Cherry, Nectarine, Peach and Plum trees. Most of the species need to be grown in Temperate regions though some, such as the evergreen kinds, need to be grown in mild climates.
Plum (P. domestica) - The Plum is widely cultivated throughout the U.S., since there are varieties suitable for growing in every state. Plums are extensively grown for commerce in Oregon, Washington, California and Idaho. Trees may have erect or spreading growth, depending on the variety. The leaves vary in shape, also, but are usually egg-shaped with finely serrated edges. The fruits are oval or round having smooth, thin skin. The flesh may be purple, blue, red, green or yellow, also depending on the variety.
There are more than 2,000 varieties of Plums available. Many Plums bear fruit
as soon as three years after planting. Plums may be eaten fresh, preserved in
jellies or jams, dried as prunes, juiced, or fermented as a liqueur. Plums come
from three different backgrounds: American, European, and Japanese.
They are also grown in Mexico, central and south america.
Japanese plums (P. salicina) have sweet flesh that is somewhat tart near the pit. Japanese plums are usually clingstone, which means the flesh sticks to the pit. These plums grow well where peaches flourish, tolerate heat and need only a short period of winter dormancy. However, these trees bloom at the first touch of warm weather, making them susceptible to damage from late spring frosts. Most of these trees require an American or Japanese pollinator, but if your garden is small, look for a self-fruitful hybrid, such as 'Catalina'.
European plums(P. domestica) are hardier than Japanese plums. European varieties include the late-season prune plums, which are great for drying and eating fresh, and the Gage types, small, greenish fruits valued for their light sweetness. European plums are ordinarily freestone, which means the flesh easily separates from the stone, making canning easy. Many varieties of the European plum will bear fruit with only one tree planted, though the crop will be heavier with a pollinator. European plums also bloom later than Japanese plums, making them ideal for regions with fickle spring weather. However, these plums ripen late (from September to October), so if your growing season is short, these plums aren't for you.
American plums include the beach Plum (P. maritima), the Canada Plum (P. nigra), the American plum (P. americana), and the Sierra or Klamath plum (P. subcordata). Most of these plums are very cold hardy and tolerate heat and drought. The small plums of these trees vary in quality from one tree to another, but are delicious eaten fresh as well as in jellies, preserves, wines, and liqueurs. The flowers of these trees have a wonderful scent and the branches may be clipped for indoor decoration.
There are varieties of Plums that are grown for ornament rather than their fruits. Single flowered varieties will bear edible, but small fruits, but the showy double-flowered varieties won't produce any. P. cerasifera (Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum) is a hardy, small, deciduous tree producing a ton of small, white, single flowers in early spring. Mature trees will sometimes produce red cherry-plums. A variety of P. cerasifera, 'Hessei', is a medium-sized, shrubby tree with light green leaves that gradually turn to bronze-purple with white to yellowish or pink margins. Pure white flowers are borne in mid-spring. Another hardy variety, atropurpurea, is a beautiful variety grown for decoration. It reaches a height from 15 to 20 feet and has dark reddish-purple foliage.
Ciruela - Prune Link
Properties of "Prune" Used by Aztec's
Nutritive, Laxative, Cures Acid Reflux (heartburn), Cures Nervousness and Irritability.
Aztec Method of Use
Eat daily at any time, preferably on an empty stomach.
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