Botanical: Simaba Cedron (PLANCH.)
Family: N.O. Simarubaceae Synonym--- Cedron seeds.
Part Used--- Seeds. Habitat--- Columbia, Mexico and
Central America. Description---A small tree, a native of New
Grenada, remarkable for the properties of its seed. It has large pinnated
leaves with over twenty narrow elliptical leaflets and large panicles of
flowers, 3 to 4 feet long; the fruit is about the size of a swan's egg, and
contains only one fruit, four of the cells being barren. The Cedron of
commerce is not unlike a large blanched almond - it is often yellowish, hard
and compact, but can be easily cut, it is intensely bitter, not unlike Quassia in taste and has no odor.
The Cedron of commerce is obtained from the seed. Cedron has
always been used in Central America as a remedy for snake-bite, and first came
into notice in Britain in 1699.
Medicinal Action and Uses--- It has been found of considerable
value in New Grenada as a febrifuge in intermittent fever, and is also
recommended as an anti periodic. There is almost a superstitious belief in
its efficacy in eradicating poison, and the natives always carry some of the
seeds on their person. For snake-bites, a small quantity is scraped off,
mixed with water and applied to the wound, and then about 2 grains are put
into brandy or into water and taken internally. Every part of the plant,
including the seed, is intensely bitter. Constituents--- A
crystalline substance called Cedrin was separated by Lowry, but this has
been disputed. Dosages--- Of the crude drug, 5 to 15 grains. Of
powdered seeds, 1 to 10 grains. The infusion, which is taken in
tablespoonful doses, is made with 1 OZ. of the herb to 1 pint of boiling
water. Hypodermically, Cedrin has been given, 1/15 of a grain.
The powdered bark is used to kill vermin.
Other Species--- The Simaruba versicolor has similar
This presentation is not a guide to the identification of plants or their use
as a substitute for standard medical treatments.
Many plants with medicinal properties are also toxic and frequently
if taken at incorrect dosages or if not prepared in a specific fashion.
We do not advocate the consumption of reputed medicinal plant products
without prior consultation with your physician or other natural plant products professional.
Consult Your Physician Before Using a Herbal Remedy!